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AIDS 2014: Only Half of People Who Start HIV Post-exposure Prophylaxis Complete the Course

There are significant losses at each step of the post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) "treatment cascade," according to a systematic review and meta-analysis of 97 studies presented to the 20th International AIDS Conference last month in Melbourne. The problems with uptake, adherence, and completion point to a need for a simplified approach, researchers said.

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AIDS 2014: Female Condoms for HIV Prevention [VIDEO]

While biomedical HIV prevention was a key theme of the recent 20th International AIDS Conference in Melbourne, other approaches remain important including wider access to internal or female condoms. Designed to be worn inside the body, female condoms can give women more control in protecting themselves against HIV.

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AIDS 2014: HIV Prevention for Gay Men Differs Between San Francisco and London

A study presented at the 20th International AIDS Conference last month in Melbourne compared HIV epidemics among gay and bisexual men in San Francisco and London, confirming that while HIV incidence in San Francisco was falling, it was static and even rising in London. HIV is increasing among gay men in London because of a lack of testing, the research suggests, while testing is enabling more disclosure and effective serosorting in San Francisco.

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AIDS 2014: Circumcised Men and Female Partners Have Lower Syphilis Rates

A study presented today at the 20th International AIDS Conference in Melbourne found positive associations between voluntary medical male circumcision and reduced incidence of syphilis, not just among men, but also among their female partners. Another study found no evidence of risk compensation among men post-circumcision, while a third used a novel food-voucher scheme as an incentive for getting older men to come forward for circumcision.

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AIDS 2014: What Is Needed to "Step Up the Pace" on HIV Prevention and Treatment?

"Stepping up the pace" -- the theme of AIDS 2014 -- will require a new focus on key populations and geographical concentrations of HIV, as well as intensified efforts to expand coverage of HIV testing and treatment, according to Prof. Salim Abdool Karim, director of CAPRISA, who reviewed the global state of the epidemic and treatment access at the 20th International AIDS Conference held recently in Melbourne.

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