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AIDS 2014: Studies Show Need for Scaled-up HIV Prevention for Sex Workers

Presentations at a session on HIV prevention strategies for sex workers, which took place at the 20th International AIDS Conference last month in Melbourne, showed that while consistent condom use is generally high among female sex workers, other barriers remain to effective prevention of HIV transmission and to care for those who are HIV positive.

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AIDS 2014: COPD Is Common Among People with HIV Even At High CD4 Counts

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is not uncommon among HIV positive adults with CD4 counts above 500 cells/mm3 -- that is, even fairly early in the course of infection -- according to the first findings from a pulmonary substudy of the large international Strategic Timing of Antiretroviral Treatment (START) trial, presented At the 20th International AIDS Conference last month in Melbourne. Among the nearly 1000 participants with good quality spirometry (pulmonary function) tests, the overall COPD prevalence was 6.8%, but there was considerable variation across regions.

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AIDS 2014: Switching ART with Suppressed Viral Load Linked to Treatment Failure

People who switch away from their initial antiretroviral therapy (ART) regimen when their viral load is undetectable may have a higher likelihood of subsequent virological failure, researchers reported at the 20thInternational AIDS Conference last week in Melbourne. However, the association varied across groups and the researchers suggested their findings may reflect issues such as adherence difficulties or treatment changes due to pregnancy.

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AIDS 2014: People with HIV -- Not Victims But Partners [VIDEO]

Recalling the Denver Principles -- the 1983 declaration of the self-empowerment of people with HIV/AIDS -- John Manwaring, a young gay man living with HIV, spoke at the 20th International AIDS Conference last month in Melbourne about the need for HIV positive people to be full partners in efforts to expand HIV awareness, prevention, and treatment.

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Of Guidelines Targets, and Resources -- Documents that Defined AIDS 2014

If there was a phrase that defined the 20th International AIDS Conference last week in Melbourne -- one that surfaced in every few presentations and kept turning up in documents -- it was "key affected populations." New World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines released in conjunction with AIDS 2014 recommend pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) as an option for gay men at risk for HIV infection and naloxone to prevent overdoses among people who inject drugs (PWID).

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AIDS 2014 HIV Treatment and Prevention Highlights [VIDEO]

Cal Cohen of the Community Research Initiative of New England sat down with HIVandHepstitis.com to offer his summary of some of the highlights of HIV treatment and prevention research presented at the 20th International AIDS Conference last month in Melbourne, Australia.

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AIDS 2014: WHO Guidelines Recommend PrEP as Prevention Option for Gay Men [VIDEO]

The World Health Organization (WHO) issued new guidelines for key populations affected by HIV/AIDS prior to the 20th International AIDS Conference held last week in Melbourne, Australia. Among the biggest changes -- and th eone that has garnered the most attention and controversy -- is a recommendation that gay men who are at risk for HIV infection should consider pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) as an additional prevention option.

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