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IDWeek 2014: Behavioral and Financial Incentives May Improve HIV Treatment Outcomes

While making medications free can remove barriers to access for individuals who cannot pay for treatment, data suggest that for most people accessing care in industrialized countries, "making medications available for free or low cost will not solve problems with medication non-adherence," according to a presentation by Kevin Volpp from the University of Pennsylvania last week at IDWeek 2014 in Philadelphia.

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Entire Female Reproductive Tract May Be Susceptible to HIV Infection

HIV may infect T-cells throughout the female reproductive tract including the vagina, ovaries, and surrounding lymph nodes -- not only the cervix, which has been the focus of most previous research, according to a study of macaque monkeys published in the October 9 edition of PLoS Pathogens.

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IDWeek 2014: HIV Care Cascade at Kaiser Permanente Varies by Sex and Age

Though there has been improving performance of healthcare delivery at each point of the HIV care cascade, from linkage to care through viral suppression, "success varies significantly by age and gender, even in an integrated care system with equal access to care,” Michael Horberg of the Mid-Atlantic Permanente Research Institute reported yesterday at IDWeek 2014 in Philadelphia.

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IDWeek 2014: HIV Attachment Inhibitor BMS-663068 Works Well Across Patient Subgroups

An experimental attachment inhibitor that binds to the surface of the HIV envelope and prevents it from attaching to and entering CD4 T-cells demonstrated good virological response rates and tolerability regardless of age, sex, or race/ethnicity, according to research presented at IDWeek 2014, now underway in Philadelphia.

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Researchers Capture Images of HIV Spike Proteins that Allow Cell Entry

A team of researchers from the National Institutes of Health, Yale University, and Weill Cornell Medical College has found a way to visualize the activity of "spikes" on the surface of the HIV-1 envelope that change structure to enable the virus to enter host cells, according to reports published simultaneously in the October 8 editions of Science and Nature.

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IDWeek 2014: Social Network Strategies Encourage HIV Testing

Face-to-face social networking among peers is a more effective and proactive way to identify people with HIV infection than standard counseling, testing, and referral methods, according to study findings presented yesterday at the IDWeek 2014 conference in Philadelphia. In an analysis of 45 sites in Wisconsin, researchers found that social networking strategies identified a higher proportion of people who tested HIV positive than traditional methods.

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Second Potentially Cured Baby Has HIV Relapse Soon After Stopping Treatment

An Italian child who started antiretroviral treatment soon after birth and had undetectable plasma viral load, no apparent HIV DNA, and tested HIV antibody negative nevertheless experienced viral rebound shortly after a treatment interruption, once again disappointing hopes for a cure, researchers reported in the October 4 edition of The Lancet.

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