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HIV/AIDS Epidemiology & Mortality

CROI 2017: 1 in 5 HIV+ Men in U.K. Who Say They Are Heterosexual Caught HIV from Another Man

A genetic analysis of a large database of people with HIV in care in the U.K. shows that 18% of HIV-positive men who claim to be exclusively heterosexual in fact belong to clusters of linked infections that consist only of men. The data were presented by Manon Ragonnet-Cronin and colleagues from Edinburgh University at the recent Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections in Seattle.

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CROI 2017: Simple Risk Score Can Identify Gay Men Who May Have Acute HIV Infection

A set of 7 simple questions about symptoms and risk factors identified three-quarters of gay men in Amsterdam who have acute (very recent) HIV infection, according to a study presented at the Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections in Seattle last month. Using this risk score could identify gay men requiring HIV RNA testing, which can detect acute infections, in addition to HIV antibody testing.

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CROI 2017: A Combination of Factors Has Reduced HIV Infections in Hard-Hit Part of Africa

HIV incidence has started to tumble in the Rakai cohort, one of the best-studied groups of people in Africa, according to a report at the Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections this week in Seattle. The annual HIV infection rate has fallen 40% in the last 4 years, researchers said. A combination of factors -- including wider availability of antiretroviral therapy, increased male circumcision, and later age of sexual debut in young people -- all appear to be contributing to this decline.

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CROI 2017: Finding Men with HIV -- and Keeping Them in Treatment

Specialized services to attract men to HIV testing and treatment may need to adopt several different formats in order to reach different sub-populations of men, suggesting there is no single service innovation that will boost uptake among men in sub-Saharan Africa, according to research from South Africa presented at last month’s Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections.

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6. HIV Incidence Falls, But Not for Young Black Gay Men

New data show that while new HIV infections and diagnoses have decreased overall, they remain high for some population groups -- especially young black gay men in the U.S.

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