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HIV/AIDS Epidemiology & Mortality

Reaching UNAIDS HIV Treatment Targets Could Avert Millions of Deaths and New Infections

Achieving UNAIDS 90-90-90 targets for getting more people with HIV diagnosed and on antiretroviral therapy (ART) in 2 of the hardest-hit countries -- Nigeria and South Africa -- could avert more than 3 million deaths, according to a study published in the July 6 edition of PLoS ONE. The new Fast-Track Cities Initiative aims to help make this goal a reality in the highest-burden cities.

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Goal of 15 Million People with HIV on Treatment Met Ahead of Schedule, says UNAIDS

The Millennium Development Goal (MDG) of getting 15 million HIV-positive people worldwide onto antiretroviral therapy (ART) by 2015 -- a goal many once considered impossible -- has been reached 9 months sooner than projected, according to a new report from UNAIDS. Other MDG target have also been achieved or exceeded, as new HIV infections have decreased by 35% and AIDS-related deaths by 41%, and more than 80 countries have halted or reversed their epidemics.

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Southern States Have Higher HIV Diagnosis Rate and Lower HIV/AIDS Survival

A group of 9 states in the southern U.S. had a higher rate of HIV diagnosis compared to the country as a whole; had more women, African-Americans, and young people living with HIV; and had a higher death rate among people with HIV or AIDS, according to a study recently published in the Journal of Community Health. The researchers suggested that socioeconomic disadvantages, stigma, and discrimination contribute to these disparities.

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Socioeconomic and Racial Disparities May Drive HIV Infection among Young Gay and Bisexual Men

Young black or mixed-race men who have sex with men were more likely to be newly infected with HIV than gay and bisexual men of other racial/ethnic groups, according to a study from New York City described in the March 27 advance edition of Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes. Living in an area with higher HIV prevalence, lower perceived socioeconomic status, and starting sex at a younger age were also associated with higher risk of infection.

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CDC Surveillance Report Shows Small Decline in HIV Diagnosis, but Disparities Persist

While the overall number of new HIV infections remains stable, the rate of diagnosis appears to be decreasing, according to the latest HIV Surveillance Report from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), which includes data through the end of 2012. Black and Latino people, men who have sex with men, and young people continue to be disproportionately affected by the HIV/AIDS epidemic.

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